Wolman disease/cholesteryl ester storage disease: Efficacy of plant-produced human lysosomal acid lipase in mice

Hong Du, Terri L. Cameron, Stephen J. Garger, Gregory P. Pogue, Lee A. Hamm, Earl White, Kathleen M. Hanley, Gregory A. Grabowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is an essential enzyme that hydrolyzes triglycerides (TGs) and cholesteryl esters (CEs) in lysosomes. Genetic LAL mutations lead to Wolman disease (WD) and cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD). An LAL-null (lal-/-) mouse model resembles human WD/CESD with storage of CEs and TGs in multiple organs. Human LAL (hLAL) was expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana using the GENEWARE® expression system (G-hLAL). Purified G-hLAL showed mannose receptor-dependent uptake into macrophage cell lines (J774E). Intraperitoneal injection of G-hLAL produced peak activities in plasma at 60 min and in the liver and spleen at 240 min. The t1/2 values were: ∼90 min (plasma), ∼14 h (liver), and ∼32 h (spleen), with return to baseline by ∼150 h in liver and ∼200 h in spleen. Ten injections of G-hLAL (every 3 days) into lal-/- mice produced normalization of hepatic color, decreases in hepatic cholesterol and TG contents, and diminished foamy macrophages in liver, spleen, and intestinal villi. All injected lal-/- mice developed anti-hLAL protein antibodies, but suffered no adverse events. These studies demonstrate the feasibility of using plant-expressed, recombinant hLAL for the enzyme therapy of human WD/CESD with general implications for other lysosomal storage diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1646-1657
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cholesteryl esters
  • Enzyme therapy
  • Macrophage
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Plantproduced human enzyme
  • Triglyceride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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    Du, H., Cameron, T. L., Garger, S. J., Pogue, G. P., Hamm, L. A., White, E., Hanley, K. M., & Grabowski, G. A. (2008). Wolman disease/cholesteryl ester storage disease: Efficacy of plant-produced human lysosomal acid lipase in mice. Journal of Lipid Research, 49(8), 1646-1657. https://doi.org/10.1194/jlr.M700482-JLR200