Work-related Risk Factors for Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Personnel of a Children's Hospital

Ralph A. Hicks, John W. Cullen, Mary Anne Jackson, V. Fred Burry

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Abstract

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus markers was examined in employees participating in patient care at The Children's Mercy Hospital in Kansas City, Missouri. Of 377 workers tested in 1985-86, 36 (9.6%) were seropositive for any marker. Among 285 employees who presumably have only work-related hepatitis B exposure, 14 (4.9%) were seropositive. Age 50 years and older, black race, and education no more than 12 years were associated with seropositivity among workers with work-related exposure. Employees in the clinics, laboratories, emergency room, and operating room had an increased prevalence of hepatitis B markers compared to those in other work locations (8 vs. 2%, p < 0.05). Traditional risk factors for infection were not predictive of seropositivity. Although the risk of acquiring hepatitis B infection from employment in a children's hospital is low, this study does identify work-related risk factors. Possible reasons for this association are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-250
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Pediatrics
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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