Working memory spans as predictors of spoken word recognition and receptive vocabulary in children with cochlear implants

Miranda Cleary, David Pisoni, Karen Iler Kirk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigated whether individual differences in working memory could account for a significant proportion of the variance in the open-set word recognition and receptive vocabulary skills of prelingually deafened, pediatric cochlear implant recipients, after the contribution of known predictors was taken into account. The contributions of four measures of working memory were examined separately for children using oral communication (OC) (n = 32) and Total Communication (TC) (n = 29). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition (WISC) digit-spans, requiring immediate recall of auditory-only lists in both forwards and backwards directions were collected. Two versions of a novel "memory span game" were also administered: One required memory for sequences of colored lights; the other assessed memory for colored lights presented in conjunction with auditory color-names. A contribution from working memory was observed only for the span tasks that incorporated an auditory processing component. These results suggest a relationship between working memory and the examined outcome measures that is specific to the auditory modality, partially linked to communication mode, and not related to individual differences in a general-purpose component of working memory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-280
Number of pages22
JournalVolta Review
Volume102
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000

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Cochlear Implants
Vocabulary
Short-Term Memory
vocabulary
Communication
Individuality
Light
Wechsler Scales
communication
Intelligence
Names
Recognition (Psychology)
Predictors
Memory Span
Working Memory
Cochlear Implant
Spoken Word Recognition
Color
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
edition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies

Cite this

Working memory spans as predictors of spoken word recognition and receptive vocabulary in children with cochlear implants. / Cleary, Miranda; Pisoni, David; Kirk, Karen Iler.

In: Volta Review, Vol. 102, No. 4, 2000, p. 259-280.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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