Working memory training in deaf children with cochlear implants

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Verbal working memory is significantly delayed in many prelingually deaf children who receive cochlear implants. Because of the importance of working memory for language, learning, and daily functioning, these delays present a significant challenge to cognitive development and quality of life. In order to address the consequences of working memory delays in normal-hearing children, several computer-based, game-like programs have been developed with the goal of improving working memory. Research on these working memory training programs using normal-hearing samples has demonstrated improvement on measures of abilities that are similar to the trained working memory tasks. Findings have been suggestive but less consistent about improvement in other abilities such as fluid intelligence, attention, concentration, and academic skills. In a pilot study of a working memory training program in a sample of prelingually deaf, early implanted children and adolescents with cochlear implants, we found improvement after training on measures of working memory and sentence repetition. Results were less robust for measures of fluency/speed, and the magnitude of improvement (with the notable exception of sentence repetition skills) declined during a 6-month follow-up period. Larger samples and randomized, controlled designs are recommended as a next step to develop and evaluate novel working memory training interventions for children with cochlear implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Cochlear Implantation: Learning and the Brain
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages275-292
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781493927883
ISBN (Print)9781493927876
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cochlear implant
  • Executive functioning
  • Intervention
  • Working memory
  • Working memory training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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