Wrist and knee radiographs from children with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets were analyzed and compared with those from normal children and children with established rickets to assess whether radiographically apparent rickets is a consistent abnormality in X-linked hypophosphatemia. The absence or presence of rickets was correctly identified in 94.8% of wrist and knee films from normal and positive controls. In contrast, patients with X-linked hypophosphatemia exhibited rachitic abnormalities in only 5 of 11 wrist and 13 of 15 knee radiographs. As a result, 4 patients within this study group had rickets at the knee and not at the wrist, whereas 5 displayed classic defects at both sites. Perhaps more important, 2 patients, aged 3.8 and 5.2 years, displayed no evidence of rickets in either wrist or knee films, although relatives exhibited demonstrable rachitic abnormalities. Our data indicate that radiographically detectable rickets is a variable abnormality of X-linked hypophosphatemia and does not provide an unambiguous index for the diagnosis of this disease.
- X-linked hypophosphatemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging