Xnf7 functions in dorsal-ventral patterning of the Xenopus embryo

Heithem M. El-Hodiri, Weinian Shou, Laurence D. Etkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Xenopus nuclear factor 7 (xnf7) is a maternally expressed nuclear protein that is retained in the cytoplasm from oocyte maturation until the midblastula transition (MBT). Mutations of the xnf7 phosphorylation sites to glutamic acids (dnxnf7) resulted in the retention of the endogenous protein in the cytoplasm past the MBT, indicating that cytoplasmic retention is a phosphorylation dependent process. In addition, dnxnf7 acted as a dominant negative mutant by keeping the endogenous xnf7 protein in the cytoplasm past the MBT. Overexpression of dnxnf7 in future dorsal blastomeres resulted in a ventralized or posteriorized phenotype in which the embryos lacked anterior structures, while overexpression in ventral blastomeres resulted in dorsalized embryos. dnxnf7 also affected the expression of both dorsal and ventral mesodermal markers. These data suggest that xnf7 functions in dorsal/ventral patterning and that the movement of the protein from the cytoplasm to the nucleus at the MBT is critical for the execution of a genetic program conferring a dorsal or ventral identity to the mesoderm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Volume190
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Xenopus
Cytoplasm
Embryonic Structures
Blastomeres
Phosphorylation
Glutamates
Proteins
Mesoderm
Nuclear Proteins
Oocytes
Phenotype
Mutation
Xenopus XNF7 protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Xnf7 functions in dorsal-ventral patterning of the Xenopus embryo. / El-Hodiri, Heithem M.; Shou, Weinian; Etkin, Laurence D.

In: Developmental Biology, Vol. 190, No. 1, 01.10.1997, p. 1-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

El-Hodiri, Heithem M. ; Shou, Weinian ; Etkin, Laurence D. / Xnf7 functions in dorsal-ventral patterning of the Xenopus embryo. In: Developmental Biology. 1997 ; Vol. 190, No. 1. pp. 1-17.
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