We have cloned, sequenced and disrupted the KRE2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, identified by killer-resistant mutants with a defective cell wall receptor for the toxin. The KRE2 gene is close to PHO8 on chromosome 4, and encodes a predicted 49-kD protein, Kre2p, that probably enters the secretory pathway. Haploid cells carrying a disruption of the KRE2 locus grow more slowly than wildtype cells at 30°, and fail to grow at 37°. At 30°, kre2 mutants showed altered N-linked glycosylation of proteins, as the average size of N-linked outer chains was reduced. We identified two other genes, YUR1 on chromosome 10, and KTR1 on chromosome 15, whose predicted products share 36% identity with Kre2p over more than 300 amino acid residues. Yur1p has an N-terminal signal sequence like Kre2p, while Ktr1p has a predicted topology consistent with a type 2 membrane protein. In all cases the conserved regions of these proteins appear to be on the lumenal side of secretory compartments, suggesting related function. KRE2, KTR1 and YUR1 define a new yeast gene family.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
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